Career in Forensic Science and Criminology

Introduction::
Arthur Conan Doyle’s, Sherlock Holmes was literally a one-man show?investigating crimes, collecting physical evidence and analysing the same before naming the bad guys. But the reality of modern day crime in India requires more than just one detective. A whole team of experts – from police officers and intelligence agents to crime experts and forensic scientists – work together to bring the culprit to book. While investigating authorities are the most popular face of crime busting, forensic scientists and criminologists play an equally important role behind the scenes.
Forensic science
Forensic science is primarily concerned with the application of scientific principles for the investigation of crime. Forensic scientists study evidence (such as hair, fibres, discharged bullets or blood) from the scene of the crime in an attempt to nail the culprit. They largely work in forensic laboratories although they have to visit the scene of crime along with police officers and other investigating authorities in order to collect evidence.
Criminology
Criminology deals with the scientific study of crime. While some criminologists work with forensic scientists scouting for evidence on the crime scene and later in labs, others work with psychologists, social workers and rehabilitation experts. Correctional administration is as much a part of criminology today as is forensic testing. Professionals in the field may, therefore, be involved in law enforcement, correctional administration or counselling.
Nature of Work:
Forensic science and criminology are related areas of work. While the work of forensic scientists is largely restricted to analysing forensic evidence, criminologists find openings in a variety of sectors including,
Social work
Law
Correctional administration
Research
Training
Forensic science
Forensic science is primarily concerned with the application of scientific principles for the investigation of crime. Forensic scientists study evidence (such as hair, fibres, discharged bullets or blood) from the scene of the crime in an attempt to nail the culprit. They largely work in forensic laboratories although they have to visit the scene of crime along with police officers and other investigating authorities in order to collect evidence.
Criminology
Criminology deals with the scientific study of crime. While some criminologists work with forensic scientists scouting for evidence on the crime scene and later in labs, others work with psychologists, social workers and rehabilitation experts. Correctional administration is as much a part of criminology today as is forensic testing. Professionals in the field may, therefore, be involved in law enforcement, correctional administration or counselling.
Eligibilty:
Training in criminology and forensic science is offered both through universities and specialised institutes at the postgraduate level.
Research programmes and Diplomas in Forensic Science
Courses are available in a variety of disciplines relating to forensic science including Chemistry, Biology, Serology, Ballistics, Toxicology, Documents and Photography.
Eligibility: Research programmes and diploma courses are open only to forensic scientists, police officers, judges, research scholars and senior officials from forensic laboratories.
M.Sc. in Forensic Science
Duration: 2 Years
Eligibility: Graduates in science disciplines (preferably physics, chemistry, biology, zoology, biochemistry or applied sciences)
M.Sc. and MA in Forensic Science and Criminology
Duration: 2 Years
Eligibility: Graduates in science disciplines (preferably physics, chemistry, biology, zoology, biochemistry or applied sciences)
Certificate course in Forensic Science
Duration: 1 Year
Eligibility: Graduates preferably with experience in the National Service Scheme (N.S.S)
Selection in most institutes is through a written entrance exam followed by a personal interview.
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