Career in IT/Computer

Introduction::

Information technology is “the study, design, development, performance, support or management of computer-based information systems, particularly software and hardware.” IT deals with the use of electronic computers and computer software to convert, store, transmit, and securely retrieve information.
IT professionals perform variety of duties may include data management, networking, engineering computer hardware, database and software design, as well as the management and administration of entire systems. Duties of the professional ranges from installing applications to designing complex computer networks and information databases.

Nature of Work:

BSc ComputerScience– Study of the theoretical foundations of information and computation and their implementation and application in computer systems.

Information Science: Application and usage of knowledge in organizations, and the interaction between people, organizations and information systems.

Computer Engineering: Computer engineers design the computer and its control systems and also develop software. They are engaged in building state-of-the-art equipment, supercomputers, multimedia machines, graphic terminals, inkjet machines and Pentium based machines.

Computer-aided design – use of a wide range of computer-based tools that assist architects, engineers and other design professionals in their design activities. It can simply be called the effective combination of art, science and business, in the architectural and engineering sectors.

Call Center – call centers have become somewhat obligatory to all sectors of business including banking, manufacturing, utilities, market research, security, catalogue sales, pharmaceuticals, order desk, credit collections, technical queries (help desk), emergency dispatch, customer service, food service, airline/hotel reservations etc.

B.C.A.(Bachelor of Computer Application)-To provide students with a sound knowledge of key areas of computer science and allow students to carry out the required analysis and synthesis involved in computer systems, information systems and computing applications. To provide students with sound practical skills to enable them to address problems which arise from computing systems and applications.

Web Developer

This is the age of an explosive growth of Internet and the World Wide Web which is making the wold smaller and smaller day-by-day.It is because of the advent of the Internet that the whole world is believed to be at our doorstep.The Internet is a world wide computer network that offers the services of mail,file transfer,remote login,newsgroups,accessing information and talking to other people.
The WWW is a global collection of programs called Web Servers that dispense information to interesting users.Millions of people world wide have access to the internet and infact every month the total number of users go up in millions.Therefore there is a heavy demand for Web Developers all over the world.They are people who create and maintain web sites.Web page Designers need to be technically proficient in computer graphics and its application in marketing They need to know how to create and edit hypertext and they need to know to know conventions and etiquette on the Web.They must be proficient in HTML(Hyper Text Markup Language),the language currently used to create web pages.They must know its extended versions also like HTML 2.0,3.0 etc.They also must have a knowledge of CGI, Javascript, Perl, C and Unix Shell scripts.They must have basic graphic design ability (Photoshop, 3DModeling, Fractal Painter,VRML) with the capability of producing attractive web pages.They must have the ability to work well with customers and deliver a satisfactory customized product within a specified timeline.Their work also emphasises of their duties towards the maintenance,augmentation and improvement of web pages.They take editorial responsibility for the content,quality and style of the site.Their work is divided into quality assurance and user support.Quality Assurance consists of the maintenance of the home page and the hyper text files contained therein.

Job Prospects

There are both positive and negative aspects of this profession.The plus side is that this is still in its infant stage and there is therefore plenty of room for new opportunities.The negative side is that it lacks an authoritative ,cohesive source of guidance and instruction.The computer industry keeps changing everyday and one would not know the future of Internet if another revolutionary phase were to come.

Eligibility

ASP,VB6, COM, MTS, Visual InterDev, DHTML, HTML,Visual Basic, C, C++, Oracle, Shockwave,VRML etc.are necessary for this profession.
Computer Systems Analysts Computer Scientists
Skills Needed Good writing skills,experience in computer sciences,programming,electrical engineering,graphics,advertising,art and design.

Multimedia Developer

Welcome to the New World and the New Media. At the forefront of the revolution is Digital Multimedia, where individual creativity meets technology to shape the way we design and convey ideas. Digital Multimedia represents the exciting breakthrough in business productivity for virtually all industries.

Powered by the digital integration of computer graphics, animation, text, video and sound, multimedia engages our senses and captures our attention in a world of information overload. Become a Multimedia Developer and develop innovative, interactive, media-rich educational and training materials.

Work Nature

Multimedia Developers lead an organisation’s instructional design process and working with project managers, graphic designers, content experts, interactive writers and other team members; and design and deliver effective, engaging training and educational products. They may work for companies or educational institutions and may be responsible for designing and developing audio and/or video materials, in addition to interactive CD-ROMs and web-delivered media-rich courses.

Multimedia Developers specialise in the use of technology and media elements to enhance the learning process. They assist clients in the design, development, and implementation of training programs which, through the use of cutting-edge learning theory and instructional technologies, can effectively and efficiently achieve training and educational goals.
Multimedia Developers need to understand interactivity and its non-linear nature. It’s essential that they can think in a non-linear way in order to create a product that gives the user an intuitive and engaging experience.
Multimedia Developers are responsible for organising the content of a product in a manner that provides an effective learning experience for the user. In many ways, their role is similar to that of Interface Designers. They work with the clients to determine the scope and content of the product, subject matter analysis, and identify appropriate learning strategies for the content being taught. They must also identify the technologies that are best suited for learning a particular topic and conduct usability tests, and revise the product as required.
In order to be successful, Multimedia Developers must have a broad understanding of multimedia and communications technologies, be familiar with graphic design principles, and have a specialised knowledge of learning theories and cognitive science. Their work also involves information mapping and preparing flow charts, experience in performing usability analysis, and a strong understanding of database technology and programming principles.
The work could be very stressful, with no fixed hours. One of the biggest challenges for multimedia Instructional Designers is to try to keep pace with the rapid technological and industry changes taking place today. In addition, given the requirements of the position, multimedia Instructional Designers must keep themselves abreast of a number of diverse topic areas, right from knowledge of development in computer programming, animation and video production techniques to principles of psychology and learning theories. While a number of firms and educational organisations have some permanent positions, the majority of work in this area consists of flexible, contract and project work.

Job Prospects

Multimedia Developers can expect to find careers as trainers in corporations and public service agencies, as instructional multimedia designers and producers, as specialists in instructional computing and software design, and as computer-resource teachers. In addition, multimedia Instructional Designers may be involved in the design and production of informational CD-ROMs which are educational titles, and reference material such as encyclopaedias where information is presented in an easy-to-understand manner. They also design games that vary from “shoot everything that moves” arcade-style material to educational games which hide learning behind fun, and web sites that vary in content and intent as much as traditional CD products.

Career opportunities for multimedia developers continue to grow with the concurrent advances in multimedia and communications technologies. Recently there has been a marked increase in the number of schools, colleges, universities and other training programs that have embraced the potential for multimedia enhancement of learning materials. The same is true for corporations that are using multimedia technologies to create training programs to enhance the skills of their workforce.

Eligibility

Skills required
Creativity is an essential criterion for multimedia developers. They should have the ability to take responsibilities as well as the ability to work with team members. Excellent organisational skills are an added asset.

Software

Software engineering has broadly been defined as: The application of a systematic, disciplined, quantifiable approach to development, operation, and maintenance of software; that is, the application of engineering to software. Software allows us to put technology to use by making it accessible. There are a number of software packages and programs available today, ranging from the latest version of Doom to diagnostic software used by physicians.

Job Prospectus

Software is a set of programmed instructions that enable a computer to perform specified functions. The versatility of the tasks undertaken by the computer depends on its sophistication and the quality and complexity of the software provided. This sectors is involved in designing programs for various purposes and is further divided into:

SYSTEM SOFTWARE– programs that control’s computer’s mode of operation. Systems software is usually developed by vendors and R&D institutes.
APPLICATIONS SOFTWARE covers user-friendly programmes specially devised to comply with the day-to-day activities of an organization.
APPLICATION PACKAGES are general usage programs that meet requirements common to large number of people. Software development is a continuous process that requires additions and modifications in accordance with the user’s changing needs. The scope of this sector includes training in IT areas, contract services at customer locat ions, software products and processing services.

Networking

India, today is in the midst of a software boom. Indian I.T. professionals have proved that they are technically as proficient if not better than their counterparts in developed countries and Indian I.T. companies are much in demand throughout the world. Software developed in India is exported to over 60 countries around the world. The Information technology sector is also generating lots of wealth for the nation both through exports as well as through the stock market.
All the global leaders in the word I.T. arena have established a presence in India. Some of the most prominent ones include Microsoft, Oracle, IBM, Sun, Hewlett Packard, Fujitsu, ICL, Texas Instruments, Parametric, Adobe and Digital. Indian companies have also established a strong reputation across the globe and made forays into developed nations. Some of the Indian leaders include TCS, Infosys, Wipro, Satyam and Tata Infotech. Most of these companies are growing at an astounding pace of over 50% per annum.
According to leading reports, Indian software industry is set to achieve a turnover of 10 billion dollars by the year 2005. The projected demand for trained I.T. professionals is estimated at over 400,000 per year. There is a clear imbalance between the demand and supply of IT professionals with the result that this sector offers one of the highest remuneration packages. The Internet is a new revolution that is sweeping the world. It promises to change the way we work, live, shop, communicate and entertain ourselves.

Nature of Work

Hardware Jobs : Hardware is the term used for the physical components of the computer. Jobs in the hardware sector exist mainly in four sectors. These are design, production, maintenance and networking.

Design Hardware design engineers are responsible for the design of the various components in a computer, the computer itself and peripherals such as printers, hard disk drives, scanners etc.Design of computer components such as the central processing unit, the memory chips, application specific integrated circuits (ASICS), the computer motherboard etc is a very specialised field and calls for highly technical skills. Most of these components are not manufactured in India. As a result there is not much opportunity for this sector in India except in multinational companies who have located their design and development facilities here. However talented chip designers are in good demand abroad.

Graphic Designer

Graphic arts is general term for drawing and other techniques used to reproduce words and pictures. The techniques include block-printing, engraving, etching, lithography and silk-screen printing.
The graphic arts are used both commercially and in the fine arts. Commercial art is the application of various art media for commercial purposes to create attractive illustrations for advertisements, displays, books, book jackets, magazines, posters, packaging etc. The extension of these arts to the industrial field embraces exhibitions and window displays, hoardings, technical catalogues, cinema slides etc. Commercial art is concerned with training artists in the planning and execution of advertising and publicity.

Graphic designers are responsible for creating original artwork with a visual style, design and layout that is appropriate to the project’s concept and goals. They may create screen layouts, menus, icons and symbols, logos, charts and diagrams. The visual design must be consistent with and support the overall goal of the project and be visually interesting to the product’s users. Good graphic designers for multimedia are first and foremost talented artists who are also technically competent using a variety of electronic tools and techniques.

Graphics is concerned with lettering, illustration including photography, the design of symbols and logos. It also includes visual aids for industrial and educational application, TV graphics, captions, programme titles, all non-verbal TV presentation of information.
Graphic artists also create packaging, promotional displays and marketing brochures for new products, visual designs of annual reports and other corporate propaganda, and logos for products and businesses.
Graphic designing includes:
Desktop Publishing (DTP):
A DTP operator is generally involved in making layouts and typesetting and pagination. He is responsible for making book or newspaper layouts, designing greeting cards, visiting cards, letterheads etc.
Visualising: Visualisers normally visualise how a particular design has to be made, its colour scheme, placing of text, visuals to be added with regard to advertising etc.
Art Direction: An art director takes care of the overall aspects of a design department.

Job Prospects

The graphic arts are used both commercially and in the fine arts. Commercially, the graphic arts are used in advertising to prepare newspaper and magazine illustrations, posters and brochures and pamphlets. Specialists in the fine arts can work as freelancers or can be employed by TV and film studios. They can teach art at both school and college level.
Other commercial work includes art reproduction, bookmaking and fashion design. A commercial artist has various job openings in art studios advertising agencies, fashion houses and other places that need designers.
Graphic designers work in the creative department of advertising agencies and design firms. There is usually a short period of apprenticeship after which they can work on designs and layouts independently. Freelance artists sell their skills and pitch their designs to advertising agencies, retailers, design firms, magazines, newspapers, media firms and publishers.

Related Careers

Teaching, direction, advertising, cartography, photography, fashion and clothing, television, films, interface designing, web designing, etc

Eligibilty:

Candidate should have a very good status in subjects like science and technology at secondary and higher secondary levels of education. Graduates in science too can apply.
Recommended Institutions:
» SMS COLLEGE OF ARTS & SCIENCE
» IMAYAM EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS

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