Career in Photography

Introduction::

Photography is the art of creating still or moving pictures by recording radiation on a sensitive medium such as a photographic film or an electronic sensor. Photography is usually practiced in a professional manner for portrait work or for various other commercial and industrial applications such as preparation of photographs for advertising, illustration, display and record – keeping. Different types of photography on the basis of its applications are as follows:
Press Photography – this type of photography is for newspaper and magazine illustrations of various events and objects.
Industrial Photography – this includes the generation and reproduction of engineering drawings, high-speed photography, schlieren photography, metallography, and many forms of technical photography which can aid or help in the development, design, and manufacture of various products.
Aerial Photography – is used for military reconnaissance and mapping, civilian mapping, urban and highway planning, and to take surveys of material resources.
Biomedical Photography – this is used to reveal or record biological structures which are significant in medical research, diagnosis or treatment. # Fashion and Glamour Photography – while the former is used to promote clothes or products, the latter is used to promote models.
Crime Scene Photography – this involves taking photographs of robberies and murders.
Still Life Photography – involves taking photographs of inanimate subject matter, usually natural or man-made.
Food Photography – is used for editorial, packaging or advertising use. It is similar to still life photography.
Editorial Photography – it is usually made to illustrate a story or an idea within the context of a magazine.
Portrait and Wedding Photography – this type of photography involves taking photographs at occasions like wedding.
Landscape Photography – involves taking photographs of different locations.
Wildlife Photography – involves taking photographs of animals and their various life activities.
Photo Sharing – involves publishing or transferring one’s photographs online.
Paparazzi – involves taking photographs of celebrities and their activities.

However, there are more types of photography to be mentioned about and we would give a detailed account about it on the future.

Nature of Work:
There are several areas of specializations for photographers:

Press photographers are also known as photojournalists.
They supply pictures to the national and local press, and must be versatile with an ability to photograph all kinds of subjects. They must have journalistic instincts, know what makes a good news picture, and be able to write accurate captions, work well with reporters, be quick and often work under difficult conditions.

Feature photography
Essentially involves telling a story in pictures and therefore requires knowledge of the subject. Many photographers specialise in the photography of wildlife, sports travel, environment etc.

Commercial (industrial) photography:
Such a photographer takes pictures of merchandise, exteriors and interiors of factories, and machinery both indoors and outdoors to be used for company brochures, annual reports, and in advertising and selling.

Portrait and wedding photographers:
They take pictures of individuals or small groups, handling subjects like pets, children, families, weddings, functions and activities of sports and social clubs.

Advertising photographs:
They are well connected with the photographic departments of advertising agencies, photographic studios. A sizeable section of them happen to be freelancers. Advertising photography is possibly the best-paid and most competitive branch of all; success in this sphere depends entirely on ability, efficiency and the right personality.

Fashion photography:
This arena has developed in India only recently The bulk of fashion photography is carried out in either Mumbai or Delhi and involves by highly sophisticated and well-equipped studios by freelancers who are commissioned by fashion houses of advertising agencies.

Eligibilty:
Photography has been introduced at the 10+2 stage as a vocational subject in several schools. There are no specific academic requirements for the full time courses in photography; however, candidates who have cleared the 10+2 exam are eligible for the diploma/ certificate courses in photography. Photography is also offered as an optional subject for a bachelor’s degree in fine arts.
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